United Nations Security Council

About The Committee

The Security Council has primary responsibility, under the UN Charter, for the maintenance of international peace and security.  It has 15 Members (5 permanent and 10 non-permanent members). Each Member has one vote. Under the Charter, all Member States are obligated to comply with Council decisions. The Security Council takes the lead in determining the existence of a threat to the peace or act of aggression. It calls upon the parties to a dispute to settle it by peaceful means and recommends methods of adjustment or terms of settlement. In some cases, the Security Council can resort to imposing sanctions or even authorize the use of force to maintain or restore international peace and security.  The Security Council has a Presidency, which rotates, and changes, every month.

Agenda: The situation in Sudan, with special emphasis on the role of UNAMID in the region

The United Nations Charter established six main organs of the United Nations, including the Security Council. It gives primary responsibility for maintaining international peace and security to the Security Council, which may meet whenever peace is threatened. After the civil war in Darfur which killed tens of thousands of citizens, displaced 2 million people, and other atrocities that were committed raised the UNSC on alarm to the Darfur crisis in 2003. Thus, finding a lasting resolution has been a top priority for UNSC and two other Secretaries- General which led to the institution of United Nations- African Union Hybrid Operation in Darfur(UNAMID). In June, the mandate of the UNAMID was extended for four months after an open fire on protestors by the military left dozens of civilians dead. The UNSC committee seeks to discuss the situation in Sudan, with special emphasis on the role of UNAMID in the region.